There are different types of head traumas and concerns that go along with them. Deciding what type of injury has taken place is the first start. If there is bleeding, fainting, or loss of consciousness the injury could be more serious and involved. Overall, according to Benjamin C. Wedro, MD each case must be considered individually and each patient’s situation can be a little different. Some will be healed with time while others may need to consume brain pills.
Open Head Trauma
Open head trauma is a more severe type of brain injury resulting from an object forcefully hitting the head and fracturing the skull, possibly damaging brain tissues. This is the most severe of the brain traumas and may lead to brain damage. Open head injuries are especially serious because they leave the head open to many types of infections and require immediate medical attention. Examples of this type of injury may include gun shot or stab wounds to the head, which may also require surgery.
Closed Head Trauma
Closed head trauma consists of blunt blows to the head such as caused by bicycle and car accidents or common falls, all of which do not penetrate the head. This type of head trauma can be equally as serious as open head trauma because the nerve cells in the brain can become affected by the blow and cause problems down the road. Closed head injury can lead to swelling of the brain, brain contusions, or bruises on the brain. A person can also be said to have a concussion or a temporary loss of brain function from closed head trauma. Over the counter medications and rest are noted to be effective in treating closed head trauma.
Results of Head Trauma to the Brain
Open head trauma can bring on effects such as paralysis, dementia, and even death. Closed head trauma can bring on effects such as seizures, personality changes, and even coma. Doctors say it is difficult to diagnose head injuries as they are often common occurrences such as children or the elderly having a fall.
Patients often question if there is internal bleeding regarding head trauma and ask if tests such as a Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT/CT scan) or X-rays are required. Dr. Wedro believes that a CT scan is needed if any of the following symptoms are present: patient is non-responsive after two hours after injury, patient is over 65, patient’s eyes are bruised and they have vomited more than two times.